Bidirectional tornado modes on the Joint European Torus
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2007

In discharges on the Joint European Torus [P. H. Rebut and B. E. Keen, Fusion Technol. 11, 13 (1987)] with safety factor q(0)<1 and high-power ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH), monster sawtooth crashes are preceded by frequency sweeping “tornado modes” in the toroidal Alfvén eigenmode frequency range. A suite of equilibrium and spectral magnetohydrodynamical codes is used for explaining the observed evolution of the tornado mode frequency and for identifying temporal evolution of the safety factor inside the q=1 radius just before sawtooth crashes. In some cases, the tornado modes are observed simultaneously with both positive and negative toroidal mode numbers. Hence, a free energy source other than the radial gradient of the energetic ion pressure exciting these modes is sought. The distribution function of the ICRH-accelerated ions is assessed with the SELFO code [J. Hedin et al., Nucl. Fusion 42, 527 (2002)] and energetic particle drive due to the velocity space anisotropy of ICRH-accelerated ions is considered analytically as the possible source for excitation of bidirectional tornado modes. © 2007 American Institute of Physics.





Patrik Sandquist

Chalmers, Institutionen för radio- och rymdvetenskap, Icke-linjär elektrodynamik

S. E. Sharapov

Mietek Lisak

Chalmers, Institutionen för radio- och rymdvetenskap

Thomas Johnson


Vol. 14 12 122506-



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