Time - A key issue for musculoskeletal health and manufacturing
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2007

Time is a key issue for both ergonomists and engineers when they engage in production system interventions. While not their primary purpose, the actions of engineers have major effects on biomechanical exposure; possibly of much greater magnitude than many ergonomics interventions. This paper summarises the aims, actions and tools of engineers and ergonomists, emphasising time-related outcomes. Activities of the two groups when attempting to manipulate time aspects of work may be contradictory; engineers wishing to improve production and ergonomists aiming at better health as well as contributing to production. Consequently, tools developed by ergonomists for assessing time aspects of work describe rest patterns, movement velocities or daily duration of exposures, while engineering tools emphasise time-efficient production. The paper identifies measures that could be used to communicate time-relevant information between engineers and ergonomists. Further cooperation between these two stakeholders as well as research on the topic are needed to enable ergonomists to have a larger impact on the design of production systems.

WORK

mechanical exposure

INDUSTRY

LOAD

production system

ergonomists

ASSEMBLY

REPETITIVE WORK

SHOULDER DISORDERS

MECHANICAL JOB EXPOSURE

BASIS KNOWLEDGE-BASE

RISK-FACTORS

ERGONOMICS

design

risk factors

engineers

time variation

LOW-BACK-PAIN

Författare

R. Wells

Institute for Work and Health Toronto

University of Waterloo

S. E. Mathiassen

Hogskolan i Gavle

Lars Medbo

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Logistik och transport

Jörgen Winkel

Göteborgs universitet

Applied Ergonomics

0003-6870 (ISSN)

Vol. 38 733-744

Ämneskategorier

Produktionsteknik, arbetsvetenskap och ergonomi

DOI

10.1016/j.apergo.2006.12.003