Prognostic factors for the effects of two interventions for work-related neck-shoulder complaints: myofeedback training and ergonomic councelling
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2008
Aim: To explore prognostic factors for the effects of two interventions (myofeedback training in combination with ergonomic counselling (Mfb/EC) and ergonomic counselling alone (EC)) on discomfort and disability in work-related neck-shoulder complaints. Methods: Thirty-six females completed the interventions. Discomfort and disability were assessed at baseline, immediately after the intervention, and at 3-month follow-up. Potential sociodemographic and psychological prognostic factors were assessed using questionnaires. Data were analysed using multiple regression and general linear modelling. Results: Changes in discomfort were best predicted by baseline discomfort levels. Changes in disability were predicted by baseline disability levels, patient profile, and coping strategy 'ignoring sensations'. A significant difference between the Mfb/EC and EC group was found for coping strategy 'ignoring sensations', which appeared to be a predictor for changes in disability at 3-month follow-up in the Mfb/EC group only. Conclusions: Subjects with high levels of initial discomfort and disability and specific psychological patient profiles benefit most from interventions. Myofeedback training contributes a specific quality to those who ignore pain sensations. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.