160 hours of chemical-looping combustion in a 10 kW reactor system with a NiO-based oxygen carrier
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2008

Chemical-looping combustion, CLC, is a technology with inherent separation of the greenhouse gas CO2. The technique uses an oxygen carrier made up of particulate metal oxide to transfer oxygen from combustion air to fuel. In this work, an oxygen carrier consisting of 60% NiO and 40% NiAl2O4 was used in a 10 kW CLC reactor system for 160 h of operation with fuel. The first 3 h of fuel operation excepted, the test series was accomplished with the same batch of oxygen carrier particles. The fuel used in the experiments was natural gas, and a fuel conversion to CO2 of approximately 99% was accomplished. Combustion conditions were very stable during the test period, except for the operation at sub-stoichiometric conditions. It was shown that the methane fraction in the fuel reactor exit gas was dependent upon the rate of solids circulation, with higher circulation leading to more unconverted methane. The carbon monoxide fraction was found to follow the thermodynamical equilibrium for all investigated fuel reactor temperatures, 660–950C. Thermal analysis of the fuel reactor at stable conditions enabled calculation of the particle circulation which was found to be approximately 4 kg/s, MW. The loss of fines, i.e. the amount of elutriated oxygen carrier particles with diameter <45 mm, decreased during the entire test period. After 160 h of operation the fractional loss of fines was 0.00022 h-1, corresponding to a particle life time of 4500 h.

Chemical-looping combustion

oxygen carrier

fluidized bed

Författare

Carl Johan Linderholm

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

Tobias Mattisson

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

Anders Lyngfelt

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control

1750-5836 (ISSN)

Vol. 2 4 520-530

Ämneskategorier

Energiteknik