Effect of cell seeding concentration on the quality of tissue engineered constructs loaded with adult human articular chondrocytes.
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2008

Many aspects of the process of in vitro differentiation of chondrocytes in three-dimensional (3D) scaffolds need to be further investigated. Chitosan scaffolds were produced by freeze-drying 3% w/v 90% DDA chitosan gels. The effect of the cell seeding concentration was evaluated by culturing human adult chondrocytes in chitosan scaffolds After the first passage, cells were seeded into chitosan scaffolds with a diameter of 8 mm. The final cell seeding concentration per cm3 of chitosan scaffold was: Group A, 3 x 10(6); Group B, 6 x 10(6); Group C, 12 x 10(6); and Group D, 25 x 10(6) cells. After 14 and 28 days in 3D culture, the constructs were assesed for collagen, glucosaminoglycans and DNA content. The mechanical properties of the constructs were determined using a dynamic oscillatory shear test. The histological aspect of the constructs was evaluated using the Bern score. The collagen and GAG concentration increased, varying the cell seeding concentration. There was a significant increase in proteoglycan and hydroxyproline production between groups C and D. The sulphated GAG content increased significantly in the group D as compared to the other groups. The mechanical properties of the different constructs increased over time, from 9.6 G'/kPa at 14 days of 3D culture to 14.6 G'/kPa at 28 days under the same culture conditions. In this study we were able to determine that concentrations of 12-25 million cells/cm2 are needed to increase the matrix production and mechanical properties of human adult chondrocytes under static conditions.

Chitosan

Humans

Articular

Cells

Scanning

Cell Culture Techniques

metabolism

Chondrocytes

cytology

Cartilage

metabolism

methods

cytology

Electron

Tissue Engineering

methods

metabolism

Microscopy

Porosity

Stress

Mechanical

Cultured

Adult

Författare

Sebastian Concaro

Göteborgs universitet

Elin Nicklasson

Göteborgs universitet

Linda Ellowsson

Anders Lindahl

Göteborgs universitet

Mats Brittberg

Göteborgs universitet

Paul Gatenholm

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Polymerteknologi

Journal of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine

1932-6254 (ISSN)

Vol. 2 1 14-21

Ämneskategorier

Kirurgi

Cell- och molekylärbiologi

Annan medicinsk grundvetenskap

DOI

10.1002/term.60

PubMed

18265427