Solidification Cracking of Alloy Allvac 718Plus and Alloy 718 at Transvarestraint Testing
Konferensbidrag (offentliggjort, men ej förlagsutgivet), 2008

Allvac 718Plus is a newly developed superalloy with a good potential for use in fabricated aircraft engine structures when service temperatures exceed 650°C; the limit for standard alloy 718. Fabrication involves welding, where cracking usually is a prohibitive factor. Comparison of the solidification cracking behavior between these two alloys was made by Transvarestraint testing. It was shown that the total amount of cracking was significantly lower for 718Plus alloy, which was associated with a lower amount of γ/Laves or γ/NbC eutectic-type constituents. This in turn is believed to be due to the lower iron content of the Allvac 718Plus material. The analysis of alloying element segregation both within primary dendrite and interdendritic constituents clearly indicates that the segregation of Nb is the controlling factor in determining the final solidification microstructure in these alloys. The Nb concentrations of these constituents are significantly higher compared to the bulk alloy concentration. This was confirmed by the SEM-EDS analysis and calculations assessed with JMatPro, the latter also indicated that alloy 718 is more prone to form Laves and NbC eutectic-type constituents compared to Allvac 718Plus material.

Transvarestraint testing

Allvac 718Plus

Alloy 718

Solidification cracking


Joel Håkan Andersson

Chalmers, Material- och tillverkningsteknik

EPD Congress 2008, TMS, ed. S. M. Howard, 2008.