Towards multifunctional landscapes coupling low carbon feed and bioenergy production with restorative agriculture: Economic deployment potential of grass-based biorefineries
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2022

Grass-based biomass from grasslands can be used as feedstock in green biorefineries (GBs) that produce a range of biobased products. In addition, adjustments made as part of crop rotation to increase areas under temporary grasslands can yield benefits such as carbon sequestration, increased soil productivity, reduced eutrophication and reduced need for pesticides. In this paper, a flexible modeling framework is developed to analyze the deployment options for GBs that use grass–clover to produce protein feed and feedstock for bioenergy. The focus is placed on optimal deployment, considering system configuration and operation, as well as land use changes designed to increase grass–clover cultivation on cropland. A case study involving 17 counties in Sweden showed that the deployment of GB systems could support biomethane and protein feed production corresponding to 5–60 and 13–154%, respectively, of biomethane and soybean feed imports to Sweden in 2020.


circular bio-economy

modeling and optimization

land use change

green biorefinery


Sebnem Yilmaz Balaman

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Fysisk resursteori

Göran Berndes

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Fysisk resursteori

Christel Cederberg

Chalmers, Rymd-, geo- och miljövetenskap, Fysisk resursteori

Håkan Rosenquist

Independent Researcher

Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining

1932-104X (ISSN)

Vol. In Press


Förnyelsebar bioenergi

Kemiska processer




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