Time-domain modelling of thermoacoustic devices: Combining esm and finite-difference methods
Paper i proceeding, 2009

Thermoacoustic devices are today mainly simulated using frequency-domain methods. Contrary to frequency-domain methods, time-domain methods may include non-linear effects and time-varying boundary conditions. However, time-domain modelling of thermoacoustic devices is computationally expensive, due to large differences in geometric length scales and time scales. The primary aim of this paper has been to model thermoacoustic devices computationally efficient using two different methods. The acoustic field outside the stack, based on the assumption of plane waves, was modelled using the efficient Equivalent Source Method (ESM), whereas the complex acoustic field in the stack was modelled using a finite difference model. In a previous paper of the authors, ESM and a finite difference model have been combined to model acoustic wave propagation, though thermal effects and heat flow to the stack plate were excluded. In this paper, however, these effects were included. The performance of the model was studied and compared to established models. The proposed model may provide an useful tool for studying time-varying acoustic fields and temperature distributions in thermoacoustic devices.

equivalent source method

time domain


finite difference


Stig Kleiven


Wolfgang Kropp


Krister Larsson

Noise and Vibration: Emerging Methods (NOVEM) 2009



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