Competitive group testing and learning hidden vertex covers with minimum adaptivity
Paper i proceeding, 2009

Suppose that we are given a set of n elements d of which are defective. A group test can check for any subset, called a pool, whether it contains a defective. It is well known that d defectives can be found by using O(d log n) pools. This nearly optimal number of pools can be achieved in 2 stages, where tests within a stage are done in parallel. But then d must be known in advance. Here we explore group testing strategies that use a nearly optimal number of pools and a few stages although d is not known to the searcher. One easily sees that O(log d) stages are sufficient for a strategy with O(d log n) pools. Here we prove a lower bound of O(log d/log log d) stages and a more general pools vs. stages tradeoff. As opposed to this, we devise a randomized strategy that finds d defectives using O(d log (n/d)) pools in 3 stages, with any desired probability. Open questions concern the optimal constant factors and practical implications. A related problem motivated by, e.g., biological network analysis is to learn hidden vertex covers of a small size k in unknown graphs by edge group tests. (Does a given subset of vertices contain an edge?) We give a 1-stage strategy, with any FPT algorithm for vertex cover enumeration as a decoder.

randomization

competitive group testing

nonadaptive strategy

adversary

vertex cover

Författare

Peter Damaschke

Chalmers, Data- och informationsteknik, Datavetenskap

Muhammad Azam Sheikh

Chalmers, Data- och informationsteknik, Datavetenskap

Lecture Notes in Computer Science

0302-9743 (ISSN)

Vol. 5699 84-95

Ämneskategorier

Datavetenskap (datalogi)

DOI

10.1007/978-3-642-03409-1_9

ISBN

978-364203408-4