Atmospheric Composition Change - Global and Regional Air Quality
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2009

Air quality transcends all scales with the atmosphere from the local to the global with handovers and feedbacks at each scale interaction. Air quality has manifold effects on health, ecosystems, heritage and climate. In this review the state of scientific understanding in relation to global and regional air quality is outlined. The review discusses air quality, in terms of emissions, processing and transport of trace gases and aerosols. New insights into the characterization of both natural and anthropogenic emissions are reviewed looking at both natural (e.g. dust and lightning) as well as plant emissions. Trends in anthropogenic emissions both by region and globally are discussed as well as biomass burning emissions. In terms of chemical processing the major air quality elements of ozone, non-methane hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides and aerosols are covered. A number of topics are presented as a way of integrating the process view into the atmospheric context; these include the atmospheric oxidation efficiency, halogen and HOx chemistry, night-time chemistry, tropical chemistry, heat waves, megacities, biomass burning and the regional hot spot of the Mediterranean. New findings in respect of the transport of pollutants across the scales are discussed, in particular the move to quantify the impact of long-range transport on regional air quality. Gaps and research questions that remain intractable are identified, the review concludes with a focus of research and policy questions for the coming decade. In particular, the policy challenges for concerted air quality and climate change policy (co-benefit) are discussed.

Emissions

Ozone

Troposphere

Co-benefit

Aerosols

Atmosphere

Transport of pollutants

Air quality

Climate

Oxidation chemistry

Författare

P.S. Monks

University Of Leicester

C. Granier

NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory

Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC)

University of Colorado at Boulder

S. Fuzzi

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

A. Stohl

Norsk institutt for luftforskning (NILU)

M. Williams

UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

H. Akimoto

Frontier Research Center for Global Change

M. Amann

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

A. Baklanov

Danmarks Meteorologiske Institut

U. Baltensperger

Paul Scherrer Institut

I. Bey

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH)

N. Blake

UC Irvine

R.S. Blake

University Of Leicester

K. Carslaw

University of Leeds

O.R. Cooper

NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory

University of Colorado at Boulder

F. Dentener

European Commission Joint Research Centre, Ispra

D. Fowler

Centre for Ecology & Hydrology

E. Fragkou

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

G. J. Frost

NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory

University of Colorado at Boulder

S. Generoso

Ecole Polytechnique Federale De Lausanne

P. Ginoux

Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory

V. Grewe

Deutsches Zentrums für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)

A. Guenther

National Center for Atmospheric Research

H.C. Hansson

Stockholms universitet

S. Henne

Forschungsinstitution fur Materialwissenschaften Und Technologie Eth-Bereichs

J. Hjorth

European Commission Joint Research Centre, Ispra

A. Hofzumahaus

Forschungszentrum Jülich

H. Huntrieser

Deutsches Zentrums für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)

I.S.A. Isaksen

Cicero Senter for klimaforskning

Universitetet i Oslo

M.E. Jenkin

Atmospheric Chemistry Services

J. Kaiser

Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences

M. Kanakidou

Panepistimio Kritis

Z. Klimont

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

M. Kulmala

Helsingin Yliopisto

P. Laj

Université Grenoble Alpes

Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont- Ferrand

M.G. Lawrence

Max Planck-institutet

J.D. Lee

University of York

C. Liousse

Universite Paul Sabatier Toulouse III

M. Maione

Universita degli Studi di Urbino Carlo Bo

G. McFiggans

University of Manchester

A. Metzger

Ionicon Analytik GmbH

A. Mieville

Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC)

N. Moussiopoulos

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

J.J. Orlando

National Center for Atmospheric Research

C. O'Dowd

National University of Ireland Galway

P.I. Palmer

University of Edinburgh

D. D. Parrish

NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory

A. Petzold

Deutsches Zentrums für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)

U. Platt

Universität Heidelberg

U. Poeschl

Max Planck-institutet

A.S.H. Prevot

Paul Scherrer Institut

C.E. Reeves

Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences

S. Reimann

Forschungsinstitution fur Materialwissenschaften Und Technologie Eth-Bereichs

Y. Rudich

Weizmann Institute of Science

K. Sellegri

Observatoire de Physique du Globe de Clermont- Ferrand

R. Steinbrecher

Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

David Simpson

Chalmers, Institutionen för radio- och rymdvetenskap, Global miljömätteknik och modellering

H. ten Brink

Energy research Centre of the Netherlands - ECN

J. Theloke

Universität Stuttgart

G.R. van der Werf

VU University Amsterdam

R. Vautard

CNRS Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique

V. Vestreng

Norwegian State Pollution Control Authority

Ch. Vlachokostas

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

R. von Glasow

Centre for Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences

Atmospheric Environment

1352-2310 (ISSN)

Vol. 43 5268-5350

Ämneskategorier

Meteorologi och atmosfärforskning

Miljövetenskap

DOI

10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.08.021