Submicron hierarchy of cellulose nanofibril films with etherified hemicelluloses
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2017

The lack of simple differentiation of all-polysaccharide-film components in nanoscale hinders unveiling their structure-property dependency. Submicron hierarchy of films of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and carbohydrate-based additives was revealed via visualization of the components by their differentiating adhesion to an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) tip. The differentiation of the film components revealed that distribution of hydroxypropylated hemicellulose in the CNF matrix could be tuned by addition of a plasticizer. The hemicellulose hydroxypropylation degree of substitution (DS) was detected to be another parameter affecting the film structure due to the water-solubility depending on the DS. This was further verified via Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation Monitoring (QCM-D). The translucent, self-standing films comprising CNFs, sorbitol and hydroxypropylated hemicellulose were tested for mechanical, optical and oxygen diffusion performance. The performance was linked to their structural evenness, which confirmed that the oxygen diffusion through the film is tremendously affected by the film nano hierarchy.

Structure-property relationship

Hemicellulose ethers

Polysaccharide films

Adhesion force mapping

Cellulose nanofibrils

Hydroxypropylated hemicellulose


Tiina Nypelö

Chalmers, Kemi och kemiteknik, Tillämpad kemi, Polymerteknologi

Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

C. Laine

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

J. Colson

Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

U. Henniges

Universität für Bodenkultur Wien

T. Tammelin

Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus (VTT)

Carbohydrate Polymers

0144-8617 (ISSN)

Vol. 177 126-134







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