Control strategies for refiners Part I: Soft sensors for CD-refiner control
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2018

Internal variables in (C)TMP-refining processes (e. g. temperature, consistency, fiber residence time, backward flowing steam and forces acting upon the chips and pulp) are defined as physical states obtained in different parts of the refining zones. In short, they differ from the traditional external variables (e. g. dilution water feed rate and specific energy) which are not obtained from measurements or physical models of the process in the refining zone. The internal variables are the backbone of physical models and are used in this paper as soft sensors for advanced process control. Besides the shape of the temperature profile, the position of the maximum temperature and the shape of the consistency profiles inside the refining zones are important to control as they are directly linked to the development of different pulp and handsheet properties. To illustrate the capability when using combined modeling and control strategies, the concept is applied on a full scale CD82 refiner. This means both temperature and consistency control in the flat zone and the conical zone, together with an overall estimator for fiber development. Finally, in this paper it is shown that the production can be increased significantly without changing the refiner motor load nor violating the pulp property specification.





energy efficiency

motor load distribution

temperature profile


Anders Karlström

Chalmers, Elektroteknik

J. Hill

QualTech AB

Nordic Pulp and Paper Research Journal

0283-2631 (ISSN)

Vol. 33 1 28-43


Pappers-, massa- och fiberteknik

Havs- och vattendragsteknik

Annan kemiteknik



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