A knowledge-based perspective on system weaknesses in technological innovation systems
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2019

The literature on technological innovation systems (TIS) provides policymakers and other actors with a scheme of analysis to identify system weaknesses. In doing so, TIS analysis centres on which system weaknesses policy interventions should target to promote further development of a particular system. However, prior TIS literature has not sufficiently elaborated on what may constitute the conceptual roots of a 'weakness'. We apply a knowledge-based perspective and propose that many-albeit not all-system weaknesses may root in four types of knowledge problems: uncertainty, complexity, equivocality, and ambiguity. Employing these as sensitizing concepts, we study system weaknesses by analysing data from a biorefinery TIS in Sweden. This analysis results in novel implications for the TIS literature and for achieving a better match between system weaknesses and the design of innovation policies.




technological innovation system

system weakness



Johan Frishammar

Luleå tekniska universitet

Patrik Soderholm

Luleå tekniska universitet

Hans Hellsmark

Chalmers, Teknikens ekonomi och organisation, Environmental Systems Analysis

Johanna Mossberg

RISE Research Institutes of Sweden

Science and Public Policy

0302-3427 (ISSN) 1471-5430 (eISSN)

Vol. 46 1 55-70


Övrig annan teknik

Inbäddad systemteknik

Systemvetenskap, informationssystem och informatik med samhällsvetenskaplig inriktning



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