A Machine Learning-Based Approach for Auto-Detection and Localization of Targets in Underwater Acoustic Array Networks
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

The localization and tracking of underwater objects have many applications. In a proactive underwater sensor array, some nodes will periodically broadcast linear frequency modulated (LFM) signals, which will hit the targets, get reflected and received by the other nodes. Depending on the target's position and velocity, the received signals will also be LFM signals of different frequencies and frequency rates. We can use the Fractional Fourier Transform (FrFT) to analyze the received signal's spectrum and find the peak. Based on the location of the peak, the target's distance and radial velocity can be estimated. However, the accuracy is highly dependent on the sampling interval of the spectrum. Smaller sampling interval leads to higher accuracy but also induces considerable complexity. To overcome this issue, we propose a machine learning-based approach to automatically detect the existence of the target, and roughly estimate the peak's location if targets exist. Then over-sampling can be conducted for a small area around the peak, leading to improved accuracy and reduced complexity. The idea is based on the following observation: if a target exists, we will be able to observe an "X" pattern on the spectrum. Extensive simulations are conducted to verify the effectiveness of the proposed architecture.


sensor array


Target tracking



machine learning

Fourier transforms


Complexity theory

fractional fourier transform

Underwater acoustics


Zijun Gong

Memorial University of Newfoundland

Cheng Li

Memorial University of Newfoundland

Fan Jiang

Chalmers, Elektroteknik, Kommunikation, Antenner och Optiska Nätverk

IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology

0018-9545 (ISSN)

Vol. 69 12 15857-15866 9250694


Bioinformatik (beräkningsbiologi)


Medicinsk bildbehandling



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