Effects of substitution dietary guidelines targeted at prevention of ischemic heart disease on dietary intake and risk factors in middle-aged Danish adults: The DIPI randomized controlled trial
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2020

The objective was to investigate the effects of substitution (SUB) dietary guidelines (DG) targeted at prevention of ischemic heart disease (IHD) on dietary intake and IHD risk factors in Danish adults with minimum one self-assessed IHD risk factor. A 6-month single-blinded parallel randomised controlled trial with a follow-up at month 12 included 219 subjects (median age 51 years, 59% female, 73 % overweight or obese) randomised into a SUB DG, an official (OFF) DG or a control group following their habitual diet (HAB). Participants in the DG intervention groups received bi-weekly reminders of their DG and recipes for dishes and the HAB group received a greeting. Dietary intake and fasting blood, anthropometric, and blood pressure measurements were obtained at baseline, month 6 and month 12. Linear regression analyses were applied. At month 6, when compared with the HAB, the SUB had a greater impact on the extent of dietary changes with increased intake of whole grains, dietary fibre, and low fibre vegetables compared with the OFF DG and both DG groups had similar decreased percentage of energy (E%) intake from saturated fatty acids. The extent of dietary changes were similar at month 12. No overall significant changes from baseline were found in blood pressure (BP), anthropometrics and IHD risk markers. In conclusion, both SUB and OFF DG resulted in cardioprotective dietary changes. However, neither the SUB nor the OFF DG resulted in any overall effects on the selected intermediate risk factors for IHD.

Food-Based Dietary Guidelines

Web-based dietary assessment

Whole grain biomarker

Whole grain intake

Författare

Johanne Louise Gotfredsen

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

Camilla Hoppe

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

Rikke Andersen

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

Elisabeth Wreford Andersen

Danish Cancer Research Society Center

Rikard Landberg

Chalmers, Biologi och bioteknik, Livsmedelsvetenskap

Umeå universitet

K. Overvad

Aalborg Sygehus

Aarhus Universitet

Inge Tetens

Danmarks Tekniske Universitet (DTU)

Köpenhamns universitet

British Journal of Nutrition

0007-1145 (ISSN) 1475-2662 (eISSN)

Vol. In Press

Ämneskategorier

Geriatrik

Kardiologi

Näringslära

DOI

10.1017/S0007114520005164

PubMed

33357247

Mer information

Senast uppdaterat

2021-05-05