Microscopic metavehicles powered and steered by embedded optical metasurfaces
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2021

Nanostructured dielectric metasurfaces offer unprecedented opportunities to manipulate light by imprinting an arbitrary phase gradient on an impinging wavefront1. This has resulted in the realization of a range of flat analogues to classical optical components, such as lenses, waveplates and axicons2–6. However, the change in linear and angular optical momentum7 associated with phase manipulation also results in previously unexploited forces and torques that act on the metasurface itself. Here we show that these optomechanical effects can be utilized to construct optical metavehicles—microscopic particles that can travel long distances under low-intensity plane-wave illumination while being steered by the polarization of the incident light. We demonstrate movement in complex patterns, self-correcting motion and an application as transport vehicles for microscopic cargoes, which include unicellular organisms. The abundance of possible optical metasurfaces attests to the prospect of developing a wide variety of metavehicles with specialized functional behaviours.


Daniel Andrén

Chalmers, Fysik, Nano- och biofysik

Denis Baranov

Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Chalmers, Fysik, Nano- och biofysik

Steven Jones

Chalmers, Fysik, Nano- och biofysik

Giovanni Volpe

Göteborgs universitet

Ruggero Verre

Chalmers, Fysik, Bionanofotonik

Mikael Käll

Chalmers, Fysik, Nano- och biofysik

Nature Nanotechnology

1748-3387 (ISSN) 1748-3395 (eISSN)

Vol. 16 9 970-974


Atom- och molekylfysik och optik

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