Study of Nb/Al interface combining spectroscopy of reflected electrons with ion sputtering
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2008
The study of the interface between Nb and Al thin ﬁlms is motivated by the fact that electrical characteristics of Nb/Al − AlOx/Nb superconductive tunnel junction are very sensitive to the structure of the interfaces in the tri-layer. We present a method of interpretation of energy spectra of electrons reﬂected from layered samples, with the help of which we can determine depth proﬁles and morphologies of interfaces inside Nb/Al −AlOx/Nb structure with a nanometer resolution. Methodological speciﬁcs of the method, compared to REELS, is accounting for the whole spectrum recorded in a wide range of energy losses, rather than interpretation of certain peaks. We reconstruct depth proﬁle data by ﬁtting of calculated spectra to recorded ones. The calculations are based on solution of boundary problem of electron transport equation in multi-layered slice-uniform media, as well as on Monte-Carlo modeling. The Nb/Al interface was found to have an intermediate layer of about 3 nm thick as-deposited which developed into about 6 nm thick layer as a result of annealing at 180oC, 20 minutes.