A process integration analysis of H2 production from gasification of biomass in the oil refining industry
Paper in proceeding, 2010

The refining industry faces a future with increasing hydrogen demand, a change in fuel mixture that increases process energy demand and at the same time a future with harder regulations on CO2 emissions. In this paper the CO2 effect of integrating different biomass gasification concepts to meet an increasing demand of hydrogen in an oil refinery are examined and presented in comparison with a conventional steam reformer. The result shows that if biomass is considered as an unlimited resource (i.e. CO2 neutral), biomass gasification concepts have a potential to reduce CO2 emissions. However, if biomass is considered as a limited resource, which is a likely future scenario, all studied concepts show an increase of CO2 emissions.

Oil refining industry

Biomass gasification

process integration


Daniella Johansson

Industrial Energy Systems and Technologies

Per-Åke Franck

Thore Berntsson

Industrial Energy Systems and Technologies

7th European Congress of Chemical Engineering 7, 19th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering CHISA 2010, conference proceedings


Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Chemical Process Engineering

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