Kinetics of Ligand Binding to Membrane Receptors from Equilibrium Fluctuation Analysis of Single Binding Events
Journal article, 2011
Equilibrium fluctuation analysis of single binding events has been used to extract binding kinetics of ligand interactions with cell-membrane bound receptors. Time-dependent total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) imaging was used to extract residence-time statistics of fluorescently stained liposomes derived directly from cell membranes upon their binding to surface-immobilized antibody fragments. The dissociation rate constants for two pharmaceutical relevant antibodies directed against different B-cell expressed membrane proteins was clearly discriminated, and the affinity of the interaction could be determined by inhibiting the interaction with increasing concentrations of soluble antibodies. The single-molecule sensitivity made the analysis possible without overexpressed membrane proteins, which makes the assay attractive in early drug-screening applications.
fluorescence correlation spectroscopy
target residence time