Integration of Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Production with a Complex Oil Refinery
Paper in proceeding, 2012

The oil refining industry is facing harder regulations on renewable content in its products. One way to meet this is to produce diesel and gasoline from gasification of biomass via a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. In this paper, integrating a biomass-to-FT syncrude process with a refinery is compared to a stand-alone biomass-to-FT syncrude process, in terms of the consequences for CO2 emissions and energy balances. The upgrading of the FT syncrude is in both cases accomplished at the refinery, in the existing units or in new units. The studied system includes a circulating fluidized-bed biomass gasifier with a biomass input of 500 MW (50% moisture content) and a complex refinery with a crude oil capacity of 11.4 Mt/y. The integrated FT-syncrude production shows, regardless of assumptions of marginal electricity generation, the largest CO2 emission reduction. Moreover, if the almost clean CO2 stream from the biomass-to-FT-syncrude production is captured, the reduction potential can be significantly increased.

CO2 emissions

oil refining industry

Fischer-Tropsch fuel

heat integration


Daniella Johansson

Industrial Energy Systems and Technologies

Per-Åke Franck

Thore Berntsson

Industrial Energy Systems and Technologies

In Proceedings of SDEWES – the 7th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, Ohrid, Republic of Macedonia, 1-7 July 2012

paper 082-

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Chemical Process Engineering

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