On the dependence of the noise amplitude on the correlation length of inlet temperature fluctuations in PWRs
Journal article, 2013
The dependence of the amplitude of the neutron noise in PWRs on the radial correlation length of the noise source, that is the inlet temperature fluctuations, is investigated. The motivation for this work comes from the recent observation that the noise amplitude has increased significantly in certain Spanish PWRs. The reason of this increase has not yet been satisfactorily identified, although there are a few assumptions. One new hypothesis, put forward in this paper, is that a coolant ow with more coherent characteristics, which has actually been observed, could explain the increase of the noise amplitude. A more coherent ow leads to a longer spatial (radial) correlation length of the inlet temperature fluctuations, which in turn, in case the APSD of the temperature noise is unchanged, will lead to the increase of the neutron noise APSD. The mechanism behind this phenomenon is the same as the reason of the failure of the traditional noise based method for the determination of the Moderator Temperature Coeficient (MTC), and is related to the characteristics of the spatially randomly distributed noise sources. In this paper the relationship between the radial correlation length of the inlet temperature fluctuations and the neutron noise amplitude is investigated quantitatively and the increase of the noise amplitude with the increased spatial correlation of the inlet temperature fluctuations is demonstrated.
Correlation length effect
Moderator temperature fluctuation