Tunnel Magnetoresistance with Atomically Thin Two‐Dimensional Hexagonal Boron Nitride Barriers
Journal article, 2015

The two-dimensional atomically thin insulator hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) constitutes a new paradigm in tunnel based devices. A large band gap, along with its atomically flat nature without dangling bonds or interface trap states, makes it an ideal candidate for tunnel spin transport in spintronic devices. Here, we demonstrate the tunneling of spin-polarized electrons through large area monolayer h-BN prepared by chemical vapor deposition in magnetic tunnel junctions. In ferromagnet/h-BN/ferromagnet heterostructures fabricated on a chip scale, we show tunnel magnetoresistance at room temperature. Measurements at different bias voltages and on multiple devices with different ferromagnetic electrodes establish the spin polarized tunneling using h-BN barriers. These results open the way for integration of 2D monolayer insulating barriers in active spintronic devices and circuits operating at ambient temperature, and for further exploration of their properties and prospects.

hexagonal boron nitride

2D layered materials

tunnel barrier


magnetic tunnel junction


tunnel magnetoresistance


André Dankert

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Quantum Device Physics

Venkata Kamalakar Mutta

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Quantum Device Physics

Abdul Wajid

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2)

Ram Shanker Patel

Birla Institute of Technology and Science Pilani

Saroj Prasad Dash

Chalmers, Microtechnology and Nanoscience (MC2), Quantum Device Physics

Nano Research

1998-0124 (ISSN) 1998-0000 (eISSN)

Vol. 8 4 1357-1364

Areas of Advance

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (2010-2017)

Materials Science

Subject Categories

Physical Sciences

Nano Technology


Nanofabrication Laboratory



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