Integration of the subsurface and the surface sectors for a more holistic approach for sustainable redevelopment of urban brownfields
Journal article, 2016

This paper presents a holistic approach to sustainable urban brownfield redevelopment where specific focus is put on the integration of a multitude of subsurface qualities in the early phases of the urban redevelopment pro- cess, i.e. in the initiative and plan phases. Achieving sustainability in brownfield redevelopment projects may be constrained by a failure of engagement between two key expert constituencies: urban planners/designers and subsurface engineers, leading to missed opportunities and unintended outcomes in the plan realisation phase. A more integrated approach delivers greater benefits. Three case studies in the Netherlands, Belgium and Sweden were used to test different sustainability assessment instruments in terms of the possibility for knowl- edge exchange between the subsurface and the surface sectors and in terms of cooperative learning among experts and stakeholders. Based on the lessons learned from the case studies, a generic decision process frame- work is suggested that supports holistic decision making. The suggested framework focuses on stakeholder involvement, communication, knowledge exchange and learning and provides an inventory of instruments that can support these processes.

Sustainability assessment

Spatial planning Remediation

Subsurface qualities

Brownfield redevelopment


Jenny Norrman

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, GeoEngineering

Yevheniya Volchko

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, GeoEngineering

Fransje Hooimeijer

Delft University of Technology

Linda Maring


Jaan-Henrik Kain

Chalmers, Architecture

Paul Bardos

r3 Environmental Technology Ltd

Steven Broekx

Flemish Institute for Technological Research

Alistair Beames

Flemish Institute for Technological Research

Lars Rosen

Chalmers, Civil and Environmental Engineering, GeoEngineering

Science of the Total Environment

0048-9697 (ISSN)

Vol. 563 879-889

BALANCE 4P: Balancing decisions for urban brownfield regeneration – people, planet, profit and processes

Formas (216-2013-1813), 2013-01-01 -- 2015-12-31.

Subject Categories

Architectural Engineering

Geotechnical Engineering

Other Civil Engineering

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance

Building Futures (2010-2018)





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