A Laboratory Study of the in Situ Sulfation of Alkali Chloride Rich Deposits: Corrosion Perspective
Journal article, 2016
The initial corrosive effect of small (1.35 mu mol/cm(2)) and large (13.5 mu mol/cm(2)) amounts of KCl on 304L has been investigated. The investigations were performed in both the absence and presence of 300 ppm of SO2 at 600 degrees C. The results showed that in the absence of SO2 KCl accelerates the rate of corrosion by means of two types of corrosion attack: a general attack and a steel grain boundary attack. The general attack has been proved to be initiated by K2CrO4 formation. Meanwhile, the steel grain boundary attack is suggested to be accelerated by HCl released due to the chromate formation which increased with higher amounts of KCl. The presence of KCl and SO2 resulted in the simultaneous formation of K2SO4 and K2CrO4. The chromate formation resulted in a general corrosion attack. However, the oxide growth was significantly reduced due to the very fast sulfation reaction. In contrast, the steel grain boundary attack increased in the presence of SO2. It is suggested that the attack is accelerated by HCl released from the sulfation reaction and by sulfidation of the steel grain boundaries.