Regulation of amino-acid metabolism controls flux to lipid accumulation in yarrowia lipolytica
Journal article, 2016

Yarrowia lipolytica is a promising microbial cell factory for the production of lipids to be used as fuels and chemicals, but there are few studies on regulation of its metabolism. Here we performed the first integrated data analysis of Y. lipolytica grown in carbon and nitrogen limited chemostat cultures. We first reconstructed a genome-scale metabolic model and used this for integrative analysis of multilevel omics data. Metabolite profiling and lipidomics was used to quantify the cellular physiology, while regulatory changes were measured using RNAseq. Analysis of the data showed that lipid accumulation in Y. lipolytica does not involve transcriptional regulation of lipid metabolism but is associated with regulation of amino-acid biosynthesis, resulting in redirection of carbon flux during nitrogen limitation from amino acids to lipids. Lipid accumulation in Y. lipolytica at nitrogen limitation is similar to the overflow metabolism observed in many other microorganisms, e.g. ethanol production by Sacchromyces cerevisiae at nitrogen limitation.

Author

Eduard Kerkhoven

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Systems and Synthetic Biology

Kyle R. Pomraning

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

S. E. Baker

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Jens B Nielsen

Chalmers, Biology and Biological Engineering, Systems and Synthetic Biology

npj Systems Biology and Applications

2056-7189 (eISSN)

Vol. 2 16005

Subject Categories

Cell Biology

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Microbiology

Areas of Advance

Life Science Engineering (2010-2018)

DOI

10.1038/npjsba.2016.5

More information

Latest update

8/27/2019