Public–private innovation: barriers in the case of mobility as a service in West Sweden
Journal article, 2019

Departing from open innovation (OI), this case study explores the development of Mobility as a Service (MaaS) in West Sweden. An analysis of 19 interviews reveals how representatives from involved actors perceive internal and external barriers as hampering the regional public transport authority’s attempts to collaborate with private actors, and that the perception of barriers is incongruent across public and private actors. Transferability to other cases of public–private OI is discussed, and implications for public actors are proposed. The paper expands the knowledge of preconditions for MaaS’ development and of the unique conditions for OI in public–private settings.

innovation barriers

public–private open innovation

Mobility as a service


Göran Smith

The Swedish Knowledge Centre for Public Transport

Region Västra Götaland

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science

Jana Sochor

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Design and Human Factors

MariAnne Karlsson

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Design and Human Factors

Public Management Review

1471-9037 (ISSN)

Vol. 21 1 116-137

Institutional Frameworks for Integrated Mobility Services in future cities - IRIMS

VINNOVA, 2015-10-15 -- 2018-02-22.

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Innovation and entrepreneurship

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Transport Systems and Logistics



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