Implicit Cooperative Positioning in Vehicular Networks
Journal article, 2018

Absolute positioning of vehicles is based on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) combined with on-board sensors and high-resolution maps. In Cooperative Intelligent Transportation Systems (C-ITS), the positioning performance can be augmented by means of vehicular networks that enable vehicles to share location-related information. This paper presents an Implicit Cooperative Positioning (ICP) algorithm that exploits the Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) connectivity in an innovative manner, avoiding the use of explicit V2V measurements such as ranging. In the ICP approach, vehicles jointly localize non-cooperative physical features (such as people, traffic lights or inactive cars) in the surrounding areas, and use them as common noisy reference points to refine their location estimates. Information on sensed features are fused through V2V links by a consensus procedure, nested within a message passing algorithm, to enhance the vehicle localization accuracy. As positioning does not rely on explicit ranging information between vehicles, the proposed ICP method is amenable to implementation with off-the-shelf vehicular communication hardware. The localization algorithm is validated in different traffic scenarios, including a crossroad area with heterogeneous conditions in terms of feature density and V2V connectivity, as well as a real urban area by using Simulation of Urban MObility (SUMO) for traffic data generation. Performance results show that the proposed ICP method can significantly improve the vehicle location accuracy compared to the stand-alone GNSS, especially in harsh environments, such as in urban canyons, where the GNSS signal is highly degraded or denied.

consensus algorithms

message passing

intelligent transportation systems

cooperative positioning

vehicular networks

distributed tracking

Author

Gloria Soatti

Polytechnic University of Milan

Monica Nicoli

Polytechnic University of Milan

Nil Garcia

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Communication and Antenna Systems, Communication Systems

Denis Benoît

The French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA)

Ronald Raulefs

German Aerospace Center (DLR)

Henk Wymeersch

Chalmers, Electrical Engineering, Communication and Antenna Systems, Communication Systems

IEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems

1524-9050 (ISSN)

Vol. 19 12 3964-3980

COPPLAR CampusShuttle cooperative perception & planning platform

VINNOVA, 2016-01-01 -- 2018-12-31.

High precision positioning for cooperative ITS applications

European Commission (Horizon 2020), 2015-01-01 -- 2017-12-31.

Areas of Advance

Information and Communication Technology

Transport

Subject Categories

Communication Systems

Signal Processing

DOI

10.1109/TITS.2018.2794405

More information

Latest update

5/2/2019 1