Electric vehicles as a flexibility management strategy in Europe
Paper in proceedings, 2018
This study investigates how an electrification of road transportation impact investments and operation of the electricity system in Sweden, Germany, Great Britain and Spain under a stringent CO2 constraint. A scenario with full electrification of the road transport sector, including also dynamic power transfer for trucks and buses, decreases the need for investments in peak power and curtailment of wind power compared to the scenario without EVs, provided that an optimal charging strategy and vehicle-to-grid is applied for the passenger vehicles. Flexibility from EVs can facilitate an increase of investments in renewable electricity, especially solar PVs in sunny regions.
Electric road systems