The Effect of H-2 and H2O on the Oxidation of 304L-Stainless Steel at 600 A degrees C: General Behaviour (Part I)
Journal article, 2016

The effect of p(H2O) and p(H-2) on the oxidation of 304L stainless steel at 600 A degrees C has been investigated in the present study. The samples were analysed by means of X-ray diffraction, Auger spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy dispersive spectroscopy. The results showed that at fixed p(H-2), the corrosion rate increased considerably with increasing p(H2O). At fixed p(H2O), the corrosion rate decreased slightly with increasing p(H-2). Duplex oxide scales formed during the exposure in all environments. The outer and inner layer consisted of Fe3O4 and (Fe, Cr)(3)O-4, respectively. The latter was mainly in the form of internal oxidation. The Cr-rich oxide formation was observed at the initial oxidation process before oxide breakdown. The Auger analysis also suggested the presence of Cr-rich oxide layer just after the breakaway oxidation. The results indicated that the rate-determining step in the corrosion attack is surface controlled or diffusion controlled through an oxide layer with fixed thickness over time.

breakaway oxidation

High temperature corrosion

oxide

Low oxygen activity environment

austenitic stainless-steel

9-percent-cr steels

steam oxidation

water-vapor

Water vapor

Hydrogen

corrosion

chromium

304l

high-temperature oxidation

Stainless steels

Author

Hamed Hoseini Hooshyar

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

Torbjörn Jonsson

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

J. Hall

Hogskolan Dalarna

Jan-Erik Svensson

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

Lars-Gunnar Johansson

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

Jesper Liske

Chalmers, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Energy and Material, Environmental Inorganic Chemistry

Oxidation of Metals

0030-770X (ISSN) 1573-4889 (eISSN)

Vol. 85 3-4 321-342

Subject Categories

Materials Chemistry

DOI

10.1007/s11085-015-9597-5

More information

Created

10/7/2017