Large Eddy Simulation of Stratified Combustion in Spray-guided Direct Injection Spark-ignition Engine
Journal article, 2018
Stratified combustion in gasoline engines constitutes a promising means of achieving higher thermal efficiency for low to medium engine loads than that achieved with combustion under standard homogeneous conditions. However, creating a charge that leads to a stable efficient low-emission stratified combustion process remains challenging. Combustion through a stratified charge depends strongly on the dynamics of the turbulent fuel-air mixing process and the flame propagation. Predictive simulation tools are required to elucidate this complex mixing and combustion process under stratified conditions. For the simulation of mixing processes, combustion models based on large-eddy turbulence modeling have typically outperformed the standard Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes methods. Therefore, we investigated spray-guided stratified combustion in a single cylinder engine using large-eddy turbulence modeling with a variant of the flame speed closure (FSC) model for premixed turbulent combustion. This model reveals the influence of the mixture composition on the flame speed. The effect of fluctuations in the composition were accounted for by using a presumed probability density function (PDF) approach for the mixture fraction. The fuel injection process was modeled with a standard Lagrangian spray model. More importantly, the measured in-cylinder pressure traces for three different loading cases with varying injection and ignition timings (leading to different levels of stratification) were accurately reproduced by the simulation. High-speed video images were used to evaluate the ability of the model to accurately simulate flame propagation under stratified conditions. The influence of mixture fluctuations on flame propagation was also investigated.