D17.6. Code of Practice for New Design Options of the Exterior and Interior Design and Layout of Buses and its Interface with the Platform
Report, 2018

The EBSF 2 project has developed and tested, both in simulations and in field trials, different design solutions for (electric) buses and bus stops as well as the interface between the two. The results show that electrification can have a potentially huge positive impact on comfort, safety, accessibility, as well as the general impression of the public transport system. Simulations show that a number of design details impact efficiency and perception such as; large doors, big open areas around doors, absence of obstructions between door and seat/wheelchair position, etc.
Results also demonstrate the importance of considering carefully the interplay between bus design, bus stop design, and e.g. rules for boarding. Simulations are here an important design tool. The EBSF 2 project has furthermore demonstrated the the feasibility and potential of indoor bus stops. Overall, electric buses, almost completely silent and without local emissions, offer new possibilities to progress towards a bus system that is more integrated with the city and everyday activities.

bus design

Bus system

bus stop design


MariAnne Karlsson

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Design and Human Factors

Pontus Wallgren

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Design and Human Factors

Angel Suescan

CEIT - Centre of Studies and Technical Research

José Manuel González Sepúlveda

CEIT - Centre of Studies and Technical Research

European Bus Systems of the Future 2 (EBSF 2)

European Commission (EC) (EC/H2020/636300), 2015-06-01 -- 2015-12-31.

Driving Forces

Sustainable development

Areas of Advance


Subject Categories

Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified

Infrastructure Engineering

Vehicle Engineering

More information

Latest update

3/2/2022 3