Virtual prototyping of vehicular electric steering assistance system using co-simulations
Doctoral thesis, 2021
The accuracy and stability of explicit parallel co-simulation and HIL simulation are investigated. The imperfect factors propagate in the simulation tools like perturbations, yield inaccuracy, and even instability according to system dynamics. Hence, reducing perturbations (coupling problem) and improving system robustness (architecture problem) are considered.
In the coupling problem, a delay compensation method relying on adaptive filters is developed for real-time simulation. A novel co-simulation coupling method on H-infinity synthesis is developed to improve accuracy for a wide frequency range and achieve low computational cost. In the architecture problem, a force(torque)-velocity coupling approach is employed. The application of a force (torque) variable to a component with considerable impedance, e.g., the steering rack (EPAS motor), yields a small loop gain as well as robust co-simulation and HIL simulation. On a given EPAS HIL system, an interface algorithm is developed for virtually shifting the impedance, thus enhancing system robustness.
The theoretical findings and formulated methods are tested on generic benchmarks and implemented on a vehicle-EPAS engineering case. In addition to the acceleration of simulation speed, accuracy and robustness are also improved. Consequently, consistent testing results and extended validated ranges of virtual prototypes are obtained.
explicit parallel co-simulation
Vehicle and mechatronic system
Chalmers, Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Vehicle Engineering and Autonomous Systems
Design of Interface in Co-simulation for Electric Power Assisted Steering System Development
Paper in proceeding
Integration and Analysis of EPAS and Chassis System in FMI-based co-simulation
Proceedings of the 13th International Modelica Conference,; (2019)p. 717-724
Paper in proceeding
Explicit parallel co-simulation approach: analysis and improved coupling method based on H-infinity synthesis
Multibody System Dynamics,; Vol. In press(2021)
Real-time Co-simulation Method Study for Vehicle Steering and Chassis System
IFAC-PapersOnLine,; Vol. 51(2018)p. 273-278
Paper in proceeding
Chen W., Bruzelius F., Klomp M. and Jacobson B., A Method to Improve Stability and Transparency for Mechanical Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulation
However, some undesired issues occur in virtual prototyping due to the integration. Numerical error is introduced by the separation of simulation tools; communication delay and noises are unavoidable in software-hardware interface; control error is incurred as well. These issues, that do not exist on a physical vehicle or in a monolithic simulation tool, can degrade the testing reliability. For example, steering vibration can occur on a vehicle-steering virtual prototype and some tests can even fail due to the interfacing problems.
To resolve the problems and develop the system in a consistent way, virtual prototypes must be built appropriately. One straightforward way is to reduce the numerical error, compensate the communication delay and noises by implementing some approximation methods that are more advanced than the default setup. The other way is to design the prototype configuration to make it more robust to the incurred problems, for example error and noise of a force variable is less sensitive to a heavier component than a lighter one. Solutions by both means are effectively implemented and increase the reliability of the prototype. This is confirmed by the eliminated vibrations caused by the tools. In addition, simulation failure in some test cases can be removed implying an extended usage of the tool.
Steer by wire Opportunities, performance and system safety (SWOPPS)
VINNOVA (2017-05504), 2018-03-09 -- 2021-07-01.
Virtual Architecture for Development and Verification of Chassis Mechatronic Systems
European Commission (EC) (675999), 2016-07-01 -- 2022-06-30.
Volvo Cars, 2016-07-01 -- 2022-06-30.
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Areas of Advance
Information and Communication Technology
Learning and teaching
Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny serie: 4991
Chalmers University of Technology
Opponent: Dipl.-Ing. Dr.techn., Georg Stettinger, Virtual Vehicle Center, Austria