Numerisk simulering av svetsning och andra högtemperaturprocesser (CHARMEC MU37)
Forskningsprojekt, 2019 – 2024

Rail and wheel materials are subjected to very high stresses and, in some cases, also to elevated temperatures, and the rolling contact loading results in a multiaxial stress state with a combination of compression and shear. If the temperature in the steel is increased sufficiently and followed by rapid cooling, then austenite and martensite might develop which can be detrimental for the steel properties. Earlier research within CHARMEC has been devoted to models for these phase transformations. However, there is a need to further develop the modelling, e g, regarding the coupling between the phase transformations and the temperature-dependent cyclic mechanical behaviour of the phases in the material. The purpose is to increase the quality in the simulations of residual stresses after the phase transformations and to clarify how the stresses are affected by repeated mechanical contact loading. Project MU37 will be run in co‑operation with a parallel experimental project (MU36) and will use test results to formulate and verify/validate simulation models. The developed models will be used to address applications such as short heating events (e g, braking situations) and welding and grinding of rails. CHARMEC researchers have previously studied thermal processes, both connected to rail welding (MU8, EU15 WRIST), laser cladding (MU7, EU7 INFRASTAR, MU15) and thermal damage induced by contact friction heating (MU2, 3, 23, 29, 30, 32). Project MU37 will build on previous works, and the outcome will lead to accurate and predictive methods supporting technology development and decreasing LCC.

This is a doctoral project. Mr Björn Andersson is the doctoral student and Professor Magnus Ekh the project leader and supervisor. Professors Johan Ahlström and Lennart Josefson are assistant supervisors.




Björn Andersson (kontakt)

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

Johan Ahlström

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Konstruktionsmaterial

Magnus Ekh

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik

Lennart Josefson

Chalmers, Industri- och materialvetenskap, Material- och beräkningsmekanik


Abetong AB

Växjö, Sweden

Atkins Sverige AB

Göteborg, Sweden

Bombardier Transportation GmbH

Siegen, Germany

Faiveley Transport Nordic AB

Landskrona, Sweden

Green Cargo AB

Solna, Sweden

Lucchini Sweden AB

Surahammar, Sweden


Stockholm, Sweden

SweMaint AB

Göteborg, Sweden


Borlänge, Sweden

voestalpine Schienen GmbH

Leoben, Austria

voestalpine VAE GmbH

Zeltweg, Austria


Chalmers järnvägsmekanik (CHARMEC)

Projekt-id: MU37
Finansierar Chalmers deltagande under 2019–2024

Europeiska kommissionen (EU)

Finansierar Chalmers deltagande under 2019–2024

Relaterade styrkeområden och infrastruktur

Hållbar utveckling




C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)





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