Numerical simulations of welding and other high temperature processes (CHARMEC MU37)
Research Project, 2019 – 2024

Rail and wheel materials are subjected to very high stresses and, in some cases, also to elevated temperatures, and the rolling contact loading results in a multiaxial stress state with a combination of compression and shear. If the temperature in the steel is increased sufficiently and followed by rapid cooling, then austenite and martensite might develop which can be detrimental for the steel properties. Earlier research within CHARMEC has been devoted to models for these phase transformations. However, there is a need to further develop the modelling, e g, regarding the coupling between the phase transformations and the temperature-dependent cyclic mechanical behaviour of the phases in the material. The purpose is to increase the quality in the simulations of residual stresses after the phase transformations and to clarify how the stresses are affected by repeated mechanical contact loading. Project MU37 will be run in co‑operation with a parallel experimental project (MU36) and will use test results to formulate and verify/validate simulation models. The developed models will be used to address applications such as short heating events (e g, braking situations) and welding and grinding of rails. CHARMEC researchers have previously studied thermal processes, both connected to rail welding (MU8, EU15 WRIST), laser cladding (MU7, EU7 INFRASTAR, MU15) and thermal damage induced by contact friction heating (MU2, 3, 23, 29, 30, 32). Project MU37 will build on previous works, and the outcome will lead to accurate and predictive methods supporting technology development and decreasing LCC.

This is a doctoral project. Mr Björn Andersson is the doctoral student and Professor Magnus Ekh the project leader and supervisor. Professors Johan Ahlström and Lennart Josefson are assistant supervisors.




Björn Andersson (contact)

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Johan Ahlström

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Engineering Materials

Magnus Ekh

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics

Lennart Josefson

Chalmers, Industrial and Materials Science, Material and Computational Mechanics


Abetong AB

Växjö, Sweden

Atkins Sverige AB

Göteborg, Sweden

Bombardier Transportation GmbH

Siegen, Germany

Faiveley Transport Nordic AB

Landskrona, Sweden

Green Cargo AB

Solna, Sweden

Lucchini Sweden AB

Surahammar, Sweden


Stockholm, Sweden

Swedish Transport Administration

Borlänge, Sweden

SweMaint AB

Göteborg, Sweden

voestalpine Schienen GmbH

Leoben, Austria

voestalpine VAE GmbH

Zeltweg, Austria


Chalmers Railway Mechanics (CHARMEC)

Project ID: MU37
Funding Chalmers participation during 2019–2024

European Commission (EC)

Funding Chalmers participation during 2019–2024

Related Areas of Advance and Infrastructure

Sustainable development

Driving Forces


Areas of Advance

C3SE (Chalmers Centre for Computational Science and Engineering)


Materials Science

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