Convergence to the coalescent in populations of substantially varying size.
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2004

Kingman's classical coalescent uncovers the basic pattern of genealogical trees of random samples of individuals in large but time-constant populations. Time is viewed as discrete and identified with non-overlapping generations. Reproduction can be very generally taken as exchangeable (meaning that the labelling of individuals in each generation carries no significance). Recent generalisations have dealt with population sizes exhibiting given deterministic or (minor) random fluctuations. We consider population sizes which constitute a stationary Markov chain, explicitly allowing large fluctuations in short times. Convergence of the genealogical tree, as population size tends to infinity, towards the (time-scaled) coalescent is simply proved under minimal conditions. As a result, a formula for effective population size obtains, generalising the well-knownharmonic mean expression for effective size.

exchangeability

coalescent

population genetics

Författare

Peter Jagers

Göteborgs universitet

Chalmers, Institutionen för matematisk statistik

Serik Sagitov

Göteborgs universitet

Chalmers, Institutionen för matematisk statistik

Journal of Applied Probability

0021-9002 (ISSN)

Vol. 41 2 368-378

Ämneskategorier

Sannolikhetsteori och statistik

Genetik