Thermal stability and thermoelectric properties of p-type Ba8Ga16Ge30 clathrates
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2009

The thermal stability of p-type Ba(8)Ga(16)Ge(3)0 clathrates grown from gallium flux has been tested by heat treatment in low pressure Ar atmosphere at 400, 600, and 800 degrees C. Significant gallium loss was observed for all samples during heat treatment. The treatment at 400 degrees C does not significantly change the sample properties, and the samples remain p-type and comparable to the untreated, as-prepared, sample. At 600 degrees C the sample switches from extrinsic p-type to extrinsic n-type, presumably due to significant loss of Ga, and shows a high thermopower but a reduced electrical conductivity compared to as-made n-type samples. Surprisingly, after a thermal treatment at 800 degrees C, the crystal structure seemingly loses less Ga, only reducing the hole concentration to near intrinsic levels and thus has a negative impact on ZT. Regardless of the heat treatment temperature of the p-type samples the thermal conductivity remained exceptionally low, for some samples 0.9 W/m K. Heat treatment can thus greatly affect the thermoelectric properties of p-type Ba(8)Ga(16)Ge(3)0, but the crystal structure remains intact. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [doi: 10.1063/1.3236635]



Daniel Cederkrantz

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi

A. Saramat

California Institute of Technology (Caltech)

G. J. Snyder

California Institute of Technology (Caltech)

Anders Palmqvist

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Teknisk ytkemi

Journal of Applied Physics

0021-8979 (ISSN) 1089-7550 (eISSN)

Vol. 106 7 074509 (artno)- 074509


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