Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles as Regulating Power Providers - Case Studies of Sweden and Germany
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2010

This study investigates plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) as providers of regulating power in the form of primary, secondary and tertiary frequency control. Previous studies have shown that PHEVs could generate substantial profits while providing ancillary services. This study investigates under what conditions PHEVs can generate revenues using actual market data, i.e. prices and activations of regulating power, from Sweden and Germany from four months in 2008. PHEV market participation is modelled for individual vehicles in a fleet subject to a simulated movement pattern. Costs for infrastructure and vehicle-to-grid equipment are not included in the analysis. The simulation results indicate that maximum average profits generated on the German markets are in the range 30–80 h per vehicle and month whereas the Swedish regulating power markets give no profit. In addition, an analysis is performed to identify strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) of PHEVs as regulating power providers. Based on the simulation results and the SWOT analysis, characteristics for an ideal regulating power market for PHEVs are presented.

Regulating power markets




Sara-Linnea Andersson


Anna Katarina Elofsson

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH)

Matthias Galus

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH)

Lisa Göransson

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

Sten Karlsson

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Fysisk resursteori

Filip Johnsson

Chalmers, Energi och miljö, Energiteknik

Göran Andersson

Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH)

Energy Policy

0301-4215 (ISSN)

Vol. 38 6 2751-2762



Annan elektroteknik och elektronik



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