Comparison of Hybrid III and human body models in evaluating thoracic response for various seat belt and airbag loading conditions
Paper i proceeding, 2010
Thoracic responses between the Hybrid III model and the THUMS human body model were compared in three frontal impact severities for two belt (3-point and criss-cross), two belt load limiter (constant and degressive) and two airbag types (symmetric and non-symmetric). The thoracic responses were evaluated by measurements of chest deflections (mid-sternum and multi-point measured), chest excursions and, for the human body model, supplemented by maximum rib strains. For the 3-point belt, an overall correlation was found between Hybrid III and THUMS chest deflections and excursions as well as between THUMS multi-point chest deflections and rib strains. For the criss-cross belt, Hybrid III chest deflections increased and THUMS rib strains decreased. For the non-symmetric airbag, Hybrid III and THUMS chest deflections decreased.
Finite element method