Computations and full-scale tests of active flow control applied on a Volvo truck-trailer
Paper i proceeding, 2016
Large-eddy simulations and full-scale investigations were carried out that aimed to reduce the aerodynamic drag and thus the fuel consumption of truck-trailers. The computational model is a relevant generic truck-trailer combination, and the fullscale is a corresponding Volvo prototype vehicle. Passive and active flow control (AFC) approaches were adopted in this work and applied at the rear end of the trailer. Flaps were mounted at an angle that induces separation, and synthetic jet actuators were placed close to the corner of the rear end and the flaps. The drag reduction obtained is in the order of 30%. The flow was analyzed by comparing the phase-averaged and time-averaged flow field of the unforced and the forced cases. The full-scale prototype is a Volvo truck-trailer. The trailer is mounted by three flaps at the rear sides and top end. The actuators consist of loudspeakers in sealed cavities, connected to amplifiers that are supplied with a frequency generator controlled by LabVIEW. The full-scale test includes passive and active flow control investigations by varying the flap angle, with and without AFC, investigating different frequency and slot angle configurations. The fuel flux was measured during the full-scale test. The test shows a fuel reduction of about 4% in a comparison of two flap angles. The test of active flow control shows a reduction of 5.3%compared to the corresponding unforced case. Compared with the baseline case, the passive flow control fails to reduce the total fuel consumption.