Molecular characterization of hydrolyzed cationized nanocrystalline cellulose, cotton cellulose and softwood kraft pulp using high resolution 1D and 2D NMR
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011

Nanocrystalline cellulose, cotton linters and softwood kraft pulp were reacted with the cationic epoxide 2,3-epoxypropyltrimethyl ammonium chloride (EPTMAC) according to two different procedures, whereof one was a solvent and reagent minimizing spray technique. The samples were subjected to acid hydrolysis and characterized by solution-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The spectra were obtained using a 600 MHz cryoprobe NMR instrument. The use of ion exchange SPE-column chromatography enhanced the intensity of the peaks derived from the modified monosaccharide residues and opened for detailed NMR characterization at low degrees of substitution. In addition to a consistent 9 ppm change in the initial shifts of carbons adjacent to substituted hydroxyl groups, the NMR spectra proved that other neighboring atoms were affected by the substitution. Unlike nanocrystalline cellulose and cotton cellulose, the softwood kraft pulp cationized with the spray technique demonstrated a higher preference for 0-6 (83%), on the expense of O-2 substitution (16%).

chloride

Softwood kraft pulp

Characterization

starch

Cationization

chemical-shifts

functionalization

Nanocrystalline cellulose

h-1-nmr

polysaccharides

derivatives

substitution patterns

spectroscopy

fiber

2D NMR

Cotton linters

Författare

Hanna de la Motte

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Organisk kemi

Merima Hasani

Wallenberg Wood Science Center (WWSC)

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Organisk kemi

Harald Brelid

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Skogsindustriell kemiteknik

Gunnar Westman

Wallenberg Wood Science Center (WWSC)

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Organisk kemi

Carbohydrate Polymers

0144-8617 (ISSN)

Vol. 85 738-746

Ämneskategorier

Polymerkemi

DOI

10.1016/j.carbpol.2011.03.038