Impedance of Hot-Electron Bolometer Mixers at Terahertz Frequencies
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011
This paper discusses the current distribution in thin-film devices, especially in a hot-electron bolometer (HEB) mixer at terahertz frequencies, and the consequences of different current distributions on the device impedance. We first present an approximate analytical model from which we derive a proposed rule of thumb for deciding when the film is thin enough to support a current distribution that is uniform in the transverse direction. We then verify this rule by performing electromagnetic simulations. Our conclusion is that the current distribution in thin films with a relatively high DC resistivity and small film thickness with respect to the skin depth is essentially uniform up to 8 THz. These results are crucial, e.g., for understanding radiation coupling between an HEB and an antenna and indispensable when analyzing detectors and receivers based on bolometric properties of thin films.
low-noise mixer receivers
hot-electron bolometers (HEBs)