Nonlinear Characterization of Varactors for Tunable Networks by Active Source-Pull and Load-Pull
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011
Varactors are key components in the realization of tunable networks, for instance, in high-efficiency power-amplifier architectures. This paper presents a method to measure the varactor quality factor (Q-factor) in the presence of nonlinear distortion. The importance of correctly choosing the loading condition at the second harmonic is illustrated by multiharmonic active source- and load-pull measurements. Furthermore, the method also allows for accurate extraction of the bias-dependent series resistance without the need of area consuming resonant structures. The proposed method is applied to characterize a silicon-carbide (SiC) Schottky diode varactor at 3 GHz. The measured results reemphasize that varactors are not linear tunable, but inherently nonlinear components that require proper consideration of the higher order harmonics.