New stomatal flux-based critical levels for ozone effects on vegetation
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2011

The critical levels for ozone effects on vegetation have been reviewed and revised by the LRTAP Convention. Eight new or revised critical levels based on the accumulated stomatal flux of ozone (POD gamma, the Phytotoxic Ozone Dose above a threshold flux of Y nmol m(-2) PLA s(-1), where PLA is the projected leaf area) have been agreed. For each receptor, data were combined from experiments conducted under naturally fluctuating environmental conditions in 2-4 countries, resulting in linear dose response relationships with response variables specific to each receptor (r(2) = 0.49-0.87, p < 0.001 for all). For crops, critical levels were derived for effects on wheat (grain yield, grain mass, and protein yield), potato (tuber yield) and tomato (fruit yield). For forest trees, critical levels were derived for effects on changes in annual increment in whole tree biomass for beech and birch, and Norway spruce. For (semi-)natural vegetation, the critical level for effects on productive and high conservation value perennial grasslands was based on effects on important component species of the genus Trifolium (clover species). These critical levels can be used to assess protection against the damaging effects of ozone on food security, important ecosystem services provided by forest trees (round-wood production, C sequestration, soil stability and flood prevention) and the vitality of pasture.

Trees

risk-assessment

conductance

Ozone

response relationships

fagus-sylvatica

Grasslands

quality

sensitivity

Food security

exposure

europe

Ecosystem services

Flux

forest trees

beech

Critical levels

Författare

G. Mills

H. Pleijel

S. Braun

P. Buker

V. Bermejo

E. Calvo

H. Danielsson

L. Emberson

I. G. Fernandez

L. Grunhage

H. Harmens

F. Hayes

P. E. Karlsson

David Simpson

Chalmers, Rymd- och geovetenskap, Global miljömätteknik och modellering

E. Lvo

Atmospheric Environment

1352-2310 (ISSN)

Vol. 45 28 5064-5068

Ämneskategorier

Geovetenskap och miljövetenskap

DOI

10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.06.009

Mer information

Skapat

2017-10-06