Review of Pedestrian Protection from Vehicle Impacts
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 1997
Objective: The aim of this paper is to survey the
research on pedestrian safety in vehicle-pedestrian
impacts and on the development of countermeasures.
Methods: The literature review emphasized on the
following key aspects: injury epidemiology, injury
mechanisms, tolerance levels, protection assessment
techniques, and proposed safety counter-measures.
Results: The current status of the knowledge and
technology for pedestrian injury protection is
discussed. The important gaps are identified.
Conclusion: A cost-effective method for reducing
pedestrian injury severity is modifying designs of
new vehicles. Research priorities should focus on
fatal head injuries and lower extremity injuries
related to functional impairment. It is necessary to
develop a more advanced pedestrian dummy and
mathematical models to obtain a better
understanding of injury mechanisms. Only then can
effective counter-measures be proposed.