Diversity Gains in Random Line-Of-Sight and Rich Isotropic Multipath Environment
Paper i proceeding, 2012
Antenna diversity gain for theoretical as well as measured antennas is studied in two extreme environments, the rich isotropic multipath environment (RIMP) and the random line-of-sight environment. The RIMP diversity gain was previously defined based on improved fading performance, here we equivalently consider it as a metric for the cumulative improvement of the 1% worst users randomly distributed in the RIMP environment. Similarly, we consider the diversity gain in the random line-of-sight environment to be the performance improvement of the 1% of the users which receives the weakest signal relative to a theoretical Rayleigh distribution of the signal levels among the users. The random line-of-sight environment is regarded as being caused by the statistics of an ensemble of users (or terminals) with arbitrary 3D orientations.