Temperature and thermoelastic instability of tread braking friction materials
Paper i proceeding, 2012

Braking events in railway traffic often induce high frictional heating and thermoelastic instability (TEI) at the interfacing surfaces. In the present paper, two approaches are adopted to analyse the thermomechanical interaction in a pin-on-disc experimental study of railway braking materials. In a first part, the thermal problem is studied to find the heat partitioning between pin and disc motivated by the fact that wear mechanisms can be explained with a better understanding of the prevailing thermal conditions. The numerical model is calibrated using the experimental results. In a second part, the frictionally induced thermoelastic instabilities (TEI) at the pin-disc contact are studied using a numerical method and comparing them with the phenomena observed in the experiments. The effects of temperature on material properties and on material wear are considered. It is found from the thermal analysis that the pin temperature and the heat flux to the pin increase with increasing disc temperatures up to a transition stage. This agrees with the behaviour found in the experiments. Furthermore, the thermoelastic analysis displays calculated pressure and the temperature distributions at the contact interface that are in agreement with the hot spot behaviour observed in the experiments.

hot spots

Railway tread braking

thermoelastic instability (TEI)

numerical analysis

pin-on-disc test

frictional heating

heat partitioning


Saeed Abbasi

Shahab Teimourimanesh


Tore V Vernersson


Ulf Sellgren

Ulf Olofsson

Roger Lundén


Proceedings 9th International Conference on Contact Mechanics and Wear of Rail/Wheel Systems







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