Comparative lipidomic profiling of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to reveal lipid composition changes in the plasma membrane upon exposure to lignocellulose inhibitors
Poster (konferens), 2012

During pretreatment of lignocellulose raw material, compounds that severely inhibit microbial activity including Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains are released [1]. These compounds, which include furaldehydes and weak organic acids, inhibit yeast metabolism and affect yeast viability and, as a consequence, reduces the overall productivity of an ethanol production process [2]. Elucidation of the molecular mechanisms behind inhibition can suggest new strategies to prevent the inhibitory effect. In the present study, the possible effect on the plasma membrane in S. cerevisiae is studied as a response to inhibitors present in lignocellulose raw material. A comparative lipidomic profiling will be carried out on S. cerevisiae cultured in the absence and presence of lignocellulose inhibitors. LC-CAD and GC-MS will be used to extensively characterize the composition of the plasma membrane. Changes in membrane composition will be correlated with the presence of specific inhibitors. References 1. Palmqvist E, Hahn-Hägerdal B: Fermentation of lignocellulosic hydrolysates. II: Inhibitors and mechanisms of inhibition. Bioresource Technology 2000, 74(1):25-33. 2. Klinke HB, Thomsen AB, Ahring BK: Inhibition of ethanol-producing yeast and bacteria by degradation products produced during pre-treatment of biomass. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 2004, 66(1):10-26

Författare

Lina Lindahl

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik

Lisbeth Olsson

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik

Maurizio Bettiga

Chalmers, Kemi- och bioteknik, Industriell Bioteknik

2nd Eur. Symp. on Microbial Lipids: Diversity in Structure and Function, Bern, Switzerland, 16. - 19. May 2012

Ämneskategorier

Bioenergi

Styrkeområden

Livsvetenskaper och teknik