A Review of Near-Collision Driver Behavior Models
Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift, 2012

Objective: This article provides a review of recent models of driver behavior in on-road collision situations. Background: In efforts to improve traffic safety, computer simulation of accident situations holds promise as a valuable tool, for both academia and industry. However, to ensure the validity of simulations, models are needed that accurately capture near-crash driver behavior, as observed in real traffic or driving experiments. Method: Scientific articles were identified by a systematic approach, including extensive database searches. Criteria for inclusion were defined and applied, including the requirement that models should have been previously applied to simulate on-road collision avoidance behavior. Several selected models were implemented and tested in selected scenarios. Results: The reviewed articles were grouped according to a rough taxonomy based on main emphasis, namely avoidance by braking, avoidance by steering, avoidance by a combination of braking and steering, effects of driver states and characteristics on avoidance, and simulation platforms. Conclusion: A large number of near-collision driver behavior models have been proposed. Validation using human driving data has often been limited, but exceptions exist. The research field appears fragmented, but simulation-based comparison indicates that there may be more similarity between models than what is apparent from the model equations. Further comparison of models is recommended. Application: This review provides traffic safety researchers with an overview of the field of driver models for collision situations. Specifically, researchers aiming to develop simulations of on-road collision accident situations can use this review to find suitable starting points for their work.

avoidance

driver behavior

collisions

simulation

crashes

models

accidents

Författare

Gustav M Markkula

Volvo

Ola Benderius

Chalmers, SAFER - Fordons- och Trafiksäkerhetscentrum

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system

Krister Wolff

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system

Mattias Wahde

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonsteknik och autonoma system

Human Factors

0018-7208 (ISSN) 1547-8181 (eISSN)

Vol. 54 1117-1143

Styrkeområden

Transport

Ämneskategorier

Tillämpad psykologi

Farkostteknik

DOI

10.1177/0018720812448474