Review of Child Car Occupant Fatalities in Sweden During Six Decades
Paper i proceeding, 2013

The development of fatal outcome was reviewed based on crash data including all fatally injured 0–14 year old car occupants in Sweden during 1956–2011 and put in relation to general improvements in vehicle and road safety and implementation of restraint systems. The review revealed a substantial decrease in crash‐related fatalities among 0–14 year old car occupants during the past three decades, representing a significant drop of 83% compared to the highest scores in the 1960s–70s. During 1992–2011, a total of 194 crash‐related fatalities were registered; the majority occurred on high‐speed roads. Head injury was a primary cause of death, in a total of 54% of all cases. Two fifths of the crashes involved a single car, while three fifths involved other vehicles. In total, 24% of the children were unrestrained, and 59% of those were ejected during crashes. Among the restrained children, 56% were considered to be appropriately restrained according to Swedish recommendations. Crash severity, complex crash situation, fire and drowning were factors that contributed to the fatal outcome, even though the restraint usage was considered to be optimal.

fatalities

Children

crash

rearward facing

child restraint

car occupants

Författare

Anna K Carlsson

Chalmers, SAFER - Fordons- och Trafiksäkerhetscentrum

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonssäkerhet

Johan Strandroth

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonssäkerhet

Chalmers, SAFER - Fordons- och Trafiksäkerhetscentrum

Katarina Bohman

Isabelle Stockman

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonssäkerhet

Chalmers, SAFER - Fordons- och Trafiksäkerhetscentrum

Mats Svensson

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonssäkerhet

Chalmers, SAFER - Fordons- och Trafiksäkerhetscentrum

Jan Wenäll

Mats Gummesson

Thomas Turbell

Lotta Jakobsson

Chalmers, Tillämpad mekanik, Fordonssäkerhet

Chalmers, SAFER - Fordons- och Trafiksäkerhetscentrum

Proceedings: IRCOBI Conference; September 11-13; Gothenburg, Sweden

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Styrkeområden

Transport

Ämneskategorier

Annan teknik

Farkostteknik

Fundament

Grundläggande vetenskaper

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Innovation och entreprenörskap