Fabrication of High Temperature Thermoelectric Energy Harvesters for Wireless Sensors
Paper i proceeding, 2013
Implementing energy harvesters and wireless sensors in jet engines could simplify development and decrease costs. A thermoelectric energy harvester could be placed in the cooling channels where the temperature is between 500–900°C. This paper covers the synthesis of suitable materials and the design and fabrication of a thermoelectric module. The material choices and other design variables were done from an analytic model by numerical analysis. The module was optimized for 600–800°C with the materials Ba8Ga16Ge30 and La-doped Yb14MnSb11, both having the highest measured zT value in this region. The design goal was to be able to maintain a temperature gradient of at least 200°C with high power output. The La-doped Yb14MnSb11 was synthesized and its structure confirmed by x-ray diffraction. Measurement of properties of this material was not possible due to insufficient size of the crystals. Ba8Ga16Ge30 was synthesized and resulted in an approximated zT value of 0.83 at 700°C. Calculations based on a module with 17 couples gave a power output of 1100mW/g or 600mW/cm2 with a temperature gradient of 200K.
High temperature energy harvester
Thermoelectric energy harvester